This dissertation is a missiological study about the response of the Baptist Church in Central Africa to the war in Eastern Congo. The study explores the church’s understanding of, and approach to, mission before and during the war in the period between 1990 and 2011. It compares and/or contrasts the results with the understanding of, and approach to, missions before the war. It concludes that the experience of war informed the nature of missions and the development of local theologies, the experience and method of missions, the church’s attitude toward violence and church’s survival during the war.