A leading theory about the inspiration or origin of John’s use of Λόγος as a metaphor for Jesus Christ in the Prologue to the Fourth Gospel is Judeo-Hellenistic philosophical thought, principally the works of Philo of Alexandria and his use of a mystical logos as a pseudo-divine intermediary between transcendent God and humanity. Other scholars have postulated that John’s Christological Λόγος is merely an evolutionary step from Philo’s mystical logos or perhaps was derived from incipient-Gnostic thought. These views are troubling for an evangelical Christian with a conservative view of the inspiration of Scripture and a suitable response is required.

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