The Nation of Swaziland is steadily losing its understanding of fatherhood as hundreds of thousands of children are born into this world not knowing what it is to have a real father. Sons, having no valid role model, look to the world around them for guidance. Enticed by the lure of wealth, power and prestige, they forsake their understanding of ubuntu and set out on a hedonistic, materialistic journey. Over time, they lose much of their cultural heritage. Yet one aspect remains – the Patriarchal aspect, which dominates their relationship with women. The blend of hedonism, materialism and male chauvinism mixed with female subjugation and poverty are a fertile breeding ground for HIV/AIDS. This thesis demonstrates that the loss of this loss of understanding by men is a major driving force behind the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Swaziland.