Since 1993 some churches in South Africa have adopted a new ecclesiological concept. This is the “cell church” concept. It is advocated as an answer to the church‟s perceived ineffectiveness in mission in the post-modern world. Cell church theory conceptualises small group meetings (known as cells) in homes as the focus of church life. In practice, a cell church has two foci; the cell group meeting and the celebration, establishing a “bipolar” church structure.