The distinction between the law and the gospel is at the heart of Lutheran reformational theology. Due to this fact, there have been several debates in Lutheran history surrounding the correct understanding of these two concepts. Already among the second generation reformers, a debate began surrounding the third use of the law in the Christian life. This was settled in Article VI. of the Formula of Concord. The debates regarding the third use of the law, and the relationship between God’s commands and his promises did not end in 1580, however. Within the last hundred years, there has been a broad discussion relating to the Lutheran law-gospel paradigm.

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