Today, African Christianity is searching for authentic life and expression. Theology in Africa has the vocation of helping the church in this quest so that faith is more deeply rooted in Christ the Savior and Lord on the African continent. This study shares this concern by exploring specifically one area of African theology, namely ecclesiology which should help the church to understand its identity and better accomplish its mission in Africa. The “Ecclesiology of the Church as Family God” put forward for this purpose by the African Catholic clergy and relayed by Catholic theologians is the specific object of the study in relation to the context of ethnic loyalty.